Research design and analysis

Related: Data Management

Science Research

Getting started

An interactive research resource for bioscience students, prepared by University of Reading, UK.

This is an excellent, easy to use interactive resource providing a step-by-step guide to the research process from planning through to presenting results. Includes detailed section on experimental design and analysis.


If using a campus computer at Lincoln University, go to the programs menu on your computer and find:

  • LU Applications>Math and Stats Applications to access Genstat, Minitab, SPSS, R and more.


The following are a list of tutorials. There is further information on specific workshops available via LEARN.


  • The version currently available at Lincoln is GenStat 17.
  • From within the GenStat software you can access a number of useful guides, tutorials and examples.
    Go to Help>GenStat Guides; Help>Tutorials or Help>Examples

GenStat Workshops:

Introduction to GenStat workshop (PDF)

Data Manipulation workshop (PDF)

ANOVA workshop (PDF)


  • Minitab 17 is currently available at Lincoln.
  • From within Minitab, you can access a number of useful resources. Try Help>StatGuide or Help>Tutorials



In LibrarySearch consider trying some of the following searches; you can refine your search to books; journal articles; conference proceedings; peer-review etc:

  • “experimental design”; “experimental design” and ecology; “experimental design” and “life sciences
  • Using R” – The library has number of books supporting R.

Social Science Research

Getting Started

Whether you are doing qualitative, quantitative or mixed method research selecting the appropriate research methodology is an essential step in your research project.

Introduction to research design from Monash University


Online tutorials and guides qualitative2

Nvivo -YouTube

The Qualitative Report – qualitative research web sites (Nova Southeastern University)


Stewart, E. J. and Draper, D. (2009). Reporting back research findings: a case study of community-based tourism research in northern Canada,Journal of Ecotourism,8 (2),128-143

Wray, K., Espiner, S.R., and Perkins, H.C.P (2010). Cultural clash: Interpreting established use and new tourism activities in protected natural areas, Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism, 10 (3), 272-290



Image showing a definition of quantitative research
Jencik, A. (2011). Qualitative Versus Quantitative Research In J. T. Ishiyama & M. Breuning (Eds.), 21st Century Political Science: A Reference Handbook (2 ed., pp. 506-513). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Reference

Qualtrics – is a web-based online survey tool which is available to staff and postgraduate students at Lincoln for research purposes

If using a campus computer at Lincoln University, go to the programs menu on your computer and find:

  • LU Applications>Math and Stats Application>SPSS.


Online tutorials and guides

Designing surveys & questionnaires

SPSS – become familiar with the Help menu in the SPSS software, it is a great place to start.

SPSS Lessons

Mixed method

Online tutorials and guides

Youtube – there is a lot of good information on Youtube about conducting mixed methods research – ensure that you evaluate the material!

Mixed Methods International Research Association – created to promote the development of an international and interdisciplinary mixed methods research community.


LibrarySearch – You may wish to search broadly e.g “research methods”, alternatively you can add a subject, e.g. “research methodology” tourism, to retrieve resources within a topic; or search specifically, e.g. spss.

General resources include handbooks. dictionaries and encyclopedias, a useful starting point:


Choice of database will depend on the subject area of your research. There are specialized databases or databases with specific features: